Tutorials

Generations of Computer


Third Generation Computer


In this chapter of computer basics tutorial, we are going to study about third generation computer.

 

Duration: 1964 to 1970s

 

Used: Integrated Circuit (IC) and larger capacity disks and magnetic tapes as secondary storage.

 

Language: High Level Language (COBOL, FORTRAN)

 

Example: NCR 395 and B6500

 

 

Advantage of third generation computer

 

(1) Smaller, affordable, reliable and easy-to-use.

(2) Easier to upgrade than previous generation.

(3) Cheaper commercial production.

 

 

Disadvantage of third generation computer

 

(1) Manufacturing difficult.

(2) Generates heat.

(3) Air-conditioning required.

 

To learn the difference between low level and high level language click here



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