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C++ program to check Magic number

C++ program to check Magic number

In this chapter of C++ program tutorial out task is: 

  • Write a c++ program to check whether a number is magic number or not

C++ program to check a number is Magic number or not

Below is the C++ program to check a number is magic or not.

/*  Program Name : To check whether a number is Magic or not
    Program Author : Sayantan Bose
*/
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int magic(int n)
{
    int s,r;
   while(n>9)
  {
       s=0;
    while(n!=0)
    {
        r=n%10;
        s=s+r;
        n=n/10;
    }
   n=s;
   }

   return s;
}

int main() {
	// your code goes here
	int n,sum;
	cout<<"Enter the number to be checked : ";
	cin>>n;
	if(n>9)
	sum=magic(n);
	else
        sum=n;
	if(sum==1)
	cout<<n<<" is a Magic number";
	else
	cout<<n<<" is not a Magic number";
	return 0;
}

OUTPUT

Enter the number to check Magic number:

1234
1234 is a Magic number
Or

Enter the number to check Magic number:

53
53 is not an Magic number

 

EXPLANATION :

In the above c++ program to check if a number is Magic or not:

  • A number is said to be Magic if and only if the recursive sum of its digits is equal to 1.
  • For example: 1234 is a Magic number. Because the recursive sum i.e. 1+2+3+4=10, 1+0=1.
  • In the method magic, we are calculating the sum of each digit of the inputed number also at the same time we are keeping in check that the loop is running untill we get a single digit sum. And then the sum is returned to the main method.
  • In the main method the sum is then compared with 1.
  • If both of them turn out to be equal the number is a Magic number else it isn't.

ā€‹You can see the above code execution and output in codeblocks IDE:

C++ program to check a number is Magic number or not

 


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About the Author
Sayantan Bose
- šŸ”­ Iā€™m currently working on DS Algo skills - šŸŒ± Iā€™m currently learning web develeopement - šŸ‘Æ Iā€™m looking to collaborate with Oppia - šŸ“« Reach me at https://www.linkedin.com/in/sayantan-bose-14134a1a6/ - šŸ˜„ Pronouns: his/him
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