Tutorials

C Functions


C Functions Declaration


A function declaration tells the compiler about a function name and how to call the function.

The actual body of the function can be defined separately.

 

A function declaration has the following parts –

   returnType functionName (parameterList);

 

A function declaration in C consists of:

  1. Return type
  2. Function name
  3. Parameter and argument

Calling a Function

While creating a C function, you give a definition of what the function has to do. To use a function, you will have to call that function to perform the defined task.

 

When a program calls a function, the program control is transferred to the called function. A called function performs a defined task and when its return statement is executed or when its function-ending closing brace is reached, it returns the program control back to the main program.

 

To call a function, you simply need to pass the required parameters along with the function name, and if the function returns a value, then you can store the returned value.

 

#include <stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>

/* function declaration */
int max(int num1, int num2);

int main () {

   /* local variable definition */
   int a = 100;
   int b = 200;
   int ret;

   /* calling a function to get max value */
   ret = max(a, b);

   printf( "Max value is : %d\n", ret );

   return 0;
}

/* function returning the max between two numbers */
int max(int num1, int num2) {

   /* local variable declaration */
   int result;

   if (num1 > num2)
      result = num1;
   else
      result = num2;

   return result;
}

 



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